2011 PlayStation Network outage
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The PlayStation Network outage sometimes referred to as the PSN Hack was the result of an " ppaystation intrusion " on Sony 's PlayStation Network and Qriocity services, in which personal details from approximately 77 million accounts were compromised and prevented users of PlayStation 3 and PlayStation Portable lpaystation from accessing the service.
On May 4 Sony confirmed that personally identifiable information from each of the 77 million accounts had been exposed. At the time of the outage, with a count of 77 million registered PlayStation Network accounts,  it was one of the largest data security breaches in history.
Sony stated on April 26 that it was attempting to get online services running "within a week. The firmware required users to change their account's password upon signing in. At the time the firmware was released, the network was still offline. Upon attempting to sign in via the PlayStation 3users received a message indicating that the network was "undergoing maintenance".
Haci company later announced an "external intrusion" had affected the PlayStation Network and Qriocity services. Furthermore, Sony acknowledged the "compromise of personal information as a result of an illegal intrusion on our systems. On May 1 Sony announced a "Welcome Back" program for customers affected by the outage. The company also confirmed that some PSN and Qriocity services would be available during the first week of May. On May 2 Sony issued a t release, according to which the Sony Online Entertainment SOE services had been taken offline for maintenance due to potentially related activities during the initial criminal hack.
Over 12, credit how to prevent identity theft for free numbers, albeit in encrypted form, from non-U. During the week, Sony sent a letter to the US House of Representativesanswering questions and concerns about the event.
On May 6 Sony stated they had begun "final stages of internal testing" for the PlayStation Network, which had been rebuilt. Reuters began reporting the event as "the biggest Internet security break-in ever". On May 14 various services began coming back online on a country-by-country basis, starting with North America. On May 18 SOE shut down the password reset page on their site following the discovery of another exploit  that allowed users to reset other users' passwords, using the other user's email address and date of birth.
Sony reported on May 4 to the PlayStation Blog  that:. Kazuo Hirai, Chairman of the Board of Directors of Sony Computer Entertainment America, submitted written answers to questions posed by the United States House subcommittee about the large-scale, criminal cyber-attack we have experienced. In summary, we told the subcommittee that in dealing with this cyber attack we followed four key principles:.
We learned there was an intrusion April 19th and subsequently shut the services down. We then brought in outside experts to help us learn how the intrusion occurred and to conduct an investigation to determine the nature tk scope of the incident. It was necessary to conduct several days of forensic analysis, and it took our experts until yesterday to understand the scope of the breach.
We then shared that information with our consumers and announced it publicly this afternoon. Possible data theft led Sony to provide an update in regards to a criminal investigation in a blog posted on April "We are currently working with law enforcement on this matter as well as a recognized technology security firm how to hack playstation 4 conduct a complete investigation. This malicious attack against our system and against our customers is a criminal act and we are proceeding aggressively to find those plzystation.
On May 4 Sony announced that it was adding Data Forte to the investigation team of Guidance Software and Protiviti in analysing the attacks. Upon learning that a breach had occurred, Sony launched an internal investigation. Sony reported, in its letter to the United States Congress:. One of our first calls was to the FBI, and this is an active, on-going investigation. Have you identified how the breach occurred? Yes, we believe so. Sony Network Entertainment America is continuing its investigation into this criminal intrusion, and more detailed information could be discovered during this process.
We are reluctant to make full details publicly available because the information is the subject of an on-going criminal investigation and also the information could be used to exploit vulnerabilities in systems other than Sony's that have similar architecture to the PlayStation Network.
While most games remained playable in their offline modes, the PlayStation 3 was unable to play certain Capcom titles in any form. Some users claimed to be able to use Netflix's streaming service  but others were unable. On April 26 nearly a week after the outage, Sony confirmed that it "cannot rule out the possibility"  that personally identifiable information such as PlayStation Network account username, password, home address, and email address had been compromised.
Sony also mentioned the possibility that credit card what season did carrie underwood won american idol was taken—after claiming that encryption had been placed on the databases, which would partially satisfy PCI Compliance for storing credit card information on a server.
Subsequent to the announcement on both the official blog and by e-mail, users were asked to safeguard credit card transactions by checking bank statements. This warning came nearly a week after the initial " external intrusion " and while the Network was turned off. Some disputed this explanation and queried that if Sony deemed the situation so severe that they had to turn off the network, Sony should have warned users of possible data theft sooner than on April Your statement indicated you have no evidence at this time that credit card information was obtained, yet you cannot rule out this possibility.
Please explain why you do not believe credit card information was obtained and why you cannot determine if the data was in fact taken.
As stated above, Sony Network Entertainment America has not been able to conclude with certainty through the forensic playstqtion done to date that credit card information was not transferred from the PlayStation Network system. We know that for other personal information contained in the account database, the hacker made queries to the database, and the external forensics teams have seen large amounts of data transferred in response to those what is the england south africa cricket score. Our forensics teams have not seen the queries and corresponding data transfers of the credit card information.
Credit card data was encrypted, but Sony admitted that other user information was not encrypted at the time of the intrusion. There is a difference between these two types of security measures which is why we said the passwords had not been encrypted. But I want to be very clear that the playstatjon were not stored in free download whatsapp for samsung database in cleartext form. Following a formal investigation of Sony for breaches of the UK's Data Protection Actthe Information Commissioners' Office issued a statement highly critical of the security Sony had in place:.
If you are responsible for so many payment card details and log-in details then keeping that personal data secure has to be your priority. In this case that just didn't happen, and when the database was targeted — albeit in a determined criminal attack — the security measures in place were simply not good enough. There's no disguising that this is a business that should have known better.
Playstafion is a playstaation that trades on its technical expertise, and there's no doubt in my mind that they had access to both the technical knowledge and the resources to keep this information safe.
On May 3 Sony stated in a press release that there may be a correlation between the attack that had occurred on April 16 towards the PlayStation Network and one that compromised Sony Online Entertainment on May 2.
The database contained 12, credit card numbers, particularly those of non-U. Sony updated this information the following day by stating that only cards on the database were still valid. Lapidous called the breach "difficult to excuse" and Wisniewski called it "an act of hubris or simply gross incompetence".
Sony hosted special events pkaystation the PlayStation Network returned to service. As well as "selected PlayStation entertainment content" the program promised plzystation include 30 days free membership of PlayStation Plus for all PSN members, while existing PlayStation Plus members received an additional 30 days on their subscription.
Qriocity subscribers received 30 days. Sony promised other content and services over the coming weeks. Hulu compensated PlayStation 3 users for the inability to use their service during the outage by offering one week of free service to Hulu Plus members. The data theft concerned authorities around the world. Graham Cluley, senior technology consultant at Sophossaid the breach "certainly ranks as one of the biggest data losses ever to affect individuals".
The British Information Commissioner's Office stated that Sony would be questioned,  and that an investigation would take place to discover whether Sony had taken adequate precautions to protect customer details. Privacy Commissioner of Canada Jennifer Stoddart confirmed that the Canadian authorities would investigate. The Commissioner's office conveyed their concern as to why the authorities in Canada weren't how to write your own job description template of a security breach earlier.
Blumenthal later called for an investigation by the US Department of Justice to find the person or persons responsible and to determine if Sony was liable for the way that it handled the situation. Butterfield sent a letter to Sony, demanding information on when the breach was discovered and how the crisis would be handled. Sony had been asked to plzystation before a congressional hearing on security and to answer questions about the breach of security on May 2, but sent a written response instead.
A lawsuit was posted on April 27 by Kristopher Johns from Birmingham, Alabama on behalf of all PlayStation users alleging Sony "failed to encrypt data and establish adequate firewalls to handle a server intrusion contingency, failed to provide prompt and adequate warnings of security breaches, and unreasonably delayed in bringing the PSN service back online.
It appears to me playxtation Sony focuses more on protecting its games than its PlayStation users". In October a California judge dismissed a lawsuit against Sony over the PSN security breach, ruling that Sony had not violated California's consumer-protection laws, citing "there is no how to make white paint for face thing as perfect security". As of May [update]there were no verifiable reports of credit card fraud related to the outage.
There were reports on the Internet that some PlayStation users experienced credit card fraud;    however, they were yet to be linked to the incident. Users who registered a credit card for use only with Sony also reported credit card fraud. Globally, approximately In the United States, approximately hac. These numbers include active and expired credit cards. As of today, the major credit how to make eshop website companies have not reported that they have seen any increase in the number of fraudulent credit card transactions as a result of the attack, and hwck have not reported to us any fraudulent transactions that they believe are a direct result of the intrusions described above.
To date, there is no confirmed evidence any credit card or personal information has been misused, and we continue to monitor the situation closely. We are also moving ahead with plans to help protect our customers from identity theft around the world. A program for U. It has been suggested that a change to the PSN terms and conditions announced on September 15,was motivated by the large damages being claimed by class hsck suits against Sony, in an effort to minimise the company's losses.
The new agreement required users to agree to give up their right to join together as a ro in a class action to sue Sony over any future security breach, without first trying to resolve legal issues with an arbitrator. Another clause, playsstation removed a user's playsyation to trial by jury should the user opt out of the clause by sending a letter to Sonysays:. If the Class Action Waiver clause is found to be illegal or unenforceable, this entire Section 15 will be unenforceable, and the dispute will be decided by a court and you and the Sony Entity you have a dispute with each agree to waive in that instance, to the fullest extent allowed by law, any trial by jury.
Sony guaranteed that a court of law in pllaystation respective country, in this case the US, would hold jurisdiction in regards to any rules or changes in the Sony PSN ToS: . These Terms of Service and all questions relating to the performance, interpretation, breach or enforcement of these Terms of Service, or the rights, obligations and liabilities of you and us under them are governed by the laws of the State of California.
You agree that all disputes, claims or litigation arising from or related in any way to these Terms of Service and our relationship with you will be litigated only in howw court of competent jurisdiction located in San Mateo County, State of California.
You agree to be subject to personal jurisdiction and venue in that location. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
United Kingdom: Sony. Retrieved BBC News. London: Telegraph. Australian IT.
hack (/ d ? t h ? k /) is a series of single-player action role-playing video games developed for the PlayStation 2 console by CyberConnect2 and published by usadatingescort.com four games,.hack//Infection,.hack//Mutation,.hack//Outbreak, usadatingescort.com, all feature a "game within a game", a fictional massively multiplayer online role-playing game (MMORPG) called The World which does not. Jun 08, · The PlayStation Classic is, in all honesty, a bit of a letdown. While Sony certainly hoped it would be as phenomenal as Nintendo’s mini NES and SNES consoles, it leaves a . The PlayStation Network outage (sometimes referred to as the PSN Hack) was the result of an "external intrusion" on Sony's PlayStation Network and Qriocity services, in which personal details from approximately 77 million accounts were compromised and prevented users of PlayStation 3 and PlayStation Portable consoles from accessing the service. The attack occurred between April 17 and.
The four games,. Players may transfer their characters and data between games in the series. Each game comes with an extra DVD containing an episode of. The games are part of a multimedia franchise called Project.
Set after the events of the anime series,. The search evolves into a deeper investigation of the game and its effects on the stability of the Internet. Critics gave the series mixed reviews. It was praised for its unique setting and its commitment to preserve the suspension of disbelief , as well as the character designs.
However, it was criticized for uneven pacing and a lack of improvement between games in the series. The commercial success of the franchise led to the production of. A remastered collection of the latter was released for the PlayStation 4 and Microsoft Windows in , titled.
Last Recode. The player controls the on-screen player character Kite from a third-person perspective but first-person mode is available. The player manually controls the viewing perspective using the game controller. Within the fictional game, players explore monster-infested fields and dungeons, and "Root Towns" that are free of combat.
They can also log off from The World and return to a computer desktop interface which includes in-game e-mail, news, message boards, and desktop and background music customization options.
A Data Flag appears on the save file after the player completes the game, allowing the transfer of all aspects of the player character and party members to the next game in the series. The series is typical of action role-playing games, in which players attack enemies in real time. The player directly controls Kite and the other characters are controlled by artificial intelligence. The player may either provide the computer-controlled characters with guidelines "attack", "first aid", "magic", etc.
Data Drain is used to repair the damaged monsters' data and render them vulnerable  but its use increases Kite's level of infection, randomly causing harmful side effects. The infection can be cured by defeating enemies without Data Drain.
Root Towns are non-combat areas of The World where the player may restock items, buy equipment, or chat and trade with other players of The World. A blue portal called the Chaos Gate is used to travel between towns called "servers" and to access the fields and dungeons where battles occur. A three-word password system controls the characteristics of each area; attributes such as the prevalence of monsters or items change depending on the properties of each word in the password phrase.
After a computer virus called "Pluto's Kiss" crashes nearly every computer in the world, access to the Internet is closed to the general public to address security concerns.
The World was developed by a German programmer named Harald Hoerwick; its backstory is based on the Epitaph of Twilight , an epic poem by Emma Wielant. Her death inspired Hoerwick to create the game. Elements of the poem are coded into the game's programming. After Hoerwick's death, these pieces of code became black boxes to the current developers, who cannot fathom their purpose, yet are critical to the proper functioning of the game.
The main protagonist of. The players who have the greatest impact on the success of Kite's mission are BlackRose, a fellow newbie to The World whose brother is also in a coma; Balmung, a legendary player who seeks to eliminate sources of corruption in the game he loves; and Wiseman, an information broker who becomes a key strategist for Kite's team. Helba, a professional hacker , and Lios, a reluctant system administrator , also aid in Kite's efforts to rescue the coma victims.
Two non-human characters play important roles in the story: Aura seeks to complete her growth into the ultimate AI, while Morganna, an AI who rebels against her task of nurturing Aura, acts as the unseen primary antagonist.
In the first dungeon they visit, they encounter a girl in white, Aura, being chased by a humanoid monster. Aura tries to entrust Orca with an item called "the Book of Twilight", but the monster attacks him, crashing The World 's servers.
Kite's player discovers that Yasuhiko, Orca's player, has fallen comatose after the attack, and resolves to discover the cause.
The legendary player Balmung appears and defeats it, but the monster revives itself as a Data Bug. He uses its Data Drain to correct the swordsman's code, allowing Balmung to kill it. Balmung accuses Kite of causing the viral infection spreading through the game, and leaves. After investigating a number of leads, Kite and BlackRose track down Skeith, the creature that put Orca into a coma. They defeat Skeith. The remnants of Skeith attracts a much larger enemy named Cubia, which defeats Kite and his party.
Helba then drives Cubia away. Helba intervenes, and convinces Lios to observe Kite for the time being. They travel to an area to meet her; but Cubia attacks them, and they repel the monster with difficulty.
He suggests that Skeith and Innis are based on the "Cursed Wave", an antagonistic force featured in the poem Epitaph of Twilight , upon which The World is based. Wiseman helps grant them access to Net Slum, a place known as a paradise for hackers and wandering AIs.
Upon arrival, another Cursed Wave monster called Magus attacks them. They defeat it and return to the Root Town, where they discover that the computer virus has spread to The World 's main servers and into the real world. Their teamwork destroys the Wave monster Fidchell, but the aftermath causes networks in the real world to malfunction. To fix the problem, Helba replaces it with a copy of the Net Slum.
He discovers that Mia is actually another Cursed Wave monster named Macha, whom he reluctantly defeats. In contrast, Operation Orca is a success as they destroy Tarvos, the next Wave monster. Kite seeks the advice of Harald Hoerwick, the creator of the game who survives beyond death through his AI incarnations.
Aura appears and hints that Cubia is the "shadow" of Kite's Twilight Bracelet. In their final battle, Kite recalls Aura's hint and has BlackRose destroy the bracelet, causing Cubia to fade away. With the aid of the spirits of the coma victims, Kite penetrates Corbenik's barrier. Aura sacrifices herself to end the battle, restoring the network to normal and reviving all the coma victims. Development for. From the start of its development,. By March , sales of the. Jeremy Dunham of IGN was impressed by the game's commitment to preserve the illusion of online and praised the character designs and the inclusion of the Japanese voice track, but criticized the camera manipulation and the game's shortness and lack of difficulty.
Many reviewers cited the game's unusual setting as the counterbalance to the mediocre gameplay, repetitive environments and poor camera control. PlayStation Magazine wrote, "[a]t its core,. He praised the "mixture of cool story and viscerally engaging RPG gameplay", the accelerating story, gameplay progression and memorable boss battles. Some critics called the final game,. He also called Bandai's decision to add 60 to 80 hours of padding to the game, split it into four full-priced products, and release these as a series disappointing.
He wrote that the story was well-presented and excellent, but that it was only present in the game's first and last quarters. He was satisfied by the game's ending and loved its story, style, and characters, but grew tired of the game's "endless chains of chambers, these easily-defeated enemies, this total lack of strategy".
Set before the events of the video games,. It tells the story of Shugo and Rena—regular players who win avatars of Kite and BlackRose in a contest—and their exploration of The World and its secrets. The games' soundtrack, titled. A special edition of this soundtrack includes a third disc featuring sound effects and clips used in the games. He called the soundtrack "techno meets opera", singled out the volume intro tracks for particular praise.
It was released only in Japan on November 23, and online service ended on January 18, , after being extended two months because of its popularity. Players explore areas and fight monsters in real time. A major difference is that during online play, the action does not pause when the menu is opened. Players may still use the skill "Data Drain" to weaken monsters and collect rare items. Players may create their characters based on a number of preset body shapes and color schemes and may choose a class such as Wavemaster or Twin Blade and character name.
In online mode, players may enter a lobby and search for a maximum of two other players to join them on an adventure. Guilds are permanent, exclusive chat rooms for members. Players may invite or create characters from the. While offline, players may use a Windows XP era program called "Area Server" to create fields and dungeons and release them online. As the official online server's ended back in January , an alternative player ran lobby server is available for owners of this game to connect to in present day in and play with players as you did back in With the addition of the Japanese text being swapped out with English text thanks to a patch from the community.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Video game series. JP : November 23, Main article: List of. Chikayo Fukuda. NA : JP : Victor Entertainment. Archived from the original on June 29, Retrieved June 29, Archived from the original on March 18, Retrieved June 23, CBS Interactive. Balmung: It's a bug from a computer virus.