Compare And Contrast Essay: How-To, Structure, Examples, Topics
Compare and contrast essays identify the similarities and differences between two subjects, preferably under the same umbrella. If you're wondering how to write a compare and contrast essay, we've got a six step formula to help you get there. Jun 02, · Compare And Contrast Essay: How-To, Structure, Examples, Topics. Compare and contrast essays are very common at university, and you may have come across them before. This guide will help you understand exactly what's expected of you, and give the structure you'll need to write a high grading essay of your own.
How to buy zara online from australia on August 6, by Jack Caulfield. Revised on October 15, Comparing and contrasting is an important skill in academic writing. It involves taking two or more subjects and analyzing the differences and similarities between them.
You might find yourself comparing all kinds of things in an academic essay : historical figures, literary workspolicies, research methodsetc.
Doing so is an important part of constructing arguments. Table of contents When should I compare and contrast? Making effective comparisons Comparing and contrasting as a brainstorming tool Structuring your comparisons Frequently asked questions about comparing and contrasting.
Some other prompts may not essay ask you to compare structuree contrast, but present you with a topic where comparing and strucrure could be a good approach. One way to approach this essay might be to contrast the situation before the Great Depression with the situation during it, to highlight how large a ztructure it made.
For example, a literature review involves comparing and contrasting hw studies on your topic, and an argumentative essay may involve weighing up the pros and cons of different arguments. As the name suggests, comparing and contrasting is about identifying both similarities and differences.
You might focus on contrasting quite different subjects or comparing subjects with a lot in common—but there must be some grounds for comparison in the first place. However, if you contrasted pre-revolutionary France with Han-dynasty China, your reader might wonder why you chose to compare these two societies. Every element of an essay should serve your central argument in some way. See an example. Comparing and hod can be a useful tool to help organize your thoughts comppare you begin writing any type of academic how to structure a compare and contrast essay. You might make a table to summarize the key differences between them.
You might visualize the key similarities and differences in a Venn diagram. The point of comparing and contrasting at this stage is to help you organize and shape your ideas to aid you in structuring your arguments. When comparing and contrasting esay an essay, strudture are two main ways to structure your comparisons: the alternating method com;are the block method. You cover both your subjects side by side in terms of a specific point of comparison.
Your text is structured like this:. One challenge teachers face is identifying and assisting students who are struggling without disrupting the rest of the class. In a traditional classroom environment, the teacher can easily identify when a student is struggling based on their demeanor in class or simply by regularly checking on students during exercises.
They can then offer assistance quietly during the exercise or discuss it further after class. The most commonly cited advantage of distance learning is the flexibility and accessibility it offers. Rather than what is detail oriented skills required to travel to a specific location every week and to live near enough to feasibly do sostudents can participate from anywhere xontrast an internet connection.
This allows not only for a wider geographical spread of students but for the possibility of studying while travelling. However, distance learning presents its own accessibility challenges; not all students have a stable internet connection and a computer or other device with which to participate in online classes, and less essag literate students and teachers may struggle with the technical aspects of class participation.
Distance learning, then, seems to improve accessibility in some ways while representing a step backwards in others. Comparing and contrasting is also a useful approach in all kinds of academic writing : You might compare different studies in a literature reviewweigh up different arguments in an argumentative essayor consider different theoretical approaches in a theoretical framework.
Comparisons in essays are generally structured in one of two ways:. How to check traffic tickets a language expert improve contarst writing.
Check your paper for plagiarism in 10 minutes. Do the check. Generate your APA citations for free! APA Citation Generator. Home Knowledge Base Essay How to compare and contrast in an essay. How to compare and contrast in an essay Comoare on August 6, by Jack Caulfield. Receive feedback on language, structure and layout Professional editors proofread and edit your paper by focusing on: Academic style Vague sentences Grammar Style consistency See an example.
When do I need to compare and contrast? How do I choose subjects to compare and contrast? How now I compare and contrast in a structured way?
Comparisons in essays are generally structured in one of two ways: The alternating method, where you compare your subjects side by side according to one specific aspect at a time. The block method, where you cover each what is a loss run report in insurance separately in its entirety.
Is this stricture helpful? He writes and edits for Scribbr, and reads a lot of books in his spare time. Other students also liked. How to write an expository essay An expository essay provides an explanation of a topic. How to write an argumentative essay An argumentative essay presents a complete argument backed up by evidence and analysis. It is the most common essay type at university. How to write a paragraph Each paragraph in your paper should focus on one central point. Follow these 6 steps for a strong paragraph structure.
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Table of contents
The Structure of a Compare or Contrast Essay In a compare / contrast essay students have to compare two objects, problems or events and evaluate their similarities and differences. This can be done in three ways: 1. Discuss the similarities between them 2. Discuss the differences between them 3. Discuss the similarities and differences between them. Aug 06, · When comparing and contrasting in an essay, there are two main ways to structure your comparisons: the alternating method and the block method.
Last Updated: March 22, References. This article was co-authored by Megan Morgan, PhD. There are 10 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page. This article has been viewed 3,, times. It uses those points to make a meaningful argument about the subjects.
While it can be a little intimidating to approach this type of essay at first, with a little work and practice, you can write a great compare-and-contrast essay! To write a compare and contrast essay, try organizing your essay so you're comparing and contrasting one aspect of your subjects in each paragraph. Or, if you don't want to jump back and forth between subjects, structure your essay so the first half is about one subject and the second half is about the other.
You could also write your essay so the first few paragraphs introduce all of the comparisons and the last few paragraphs introduce all of the contrasts, which can help emphasize your subjects' differences and similarities.
For example, you could choose to compare bats and whales. One is tiny and flies, and the other is huge and swims, but they both use sonar to hunt. You could pick two subjects that might appear to be the same but are actually different. For example, you could choose "The Hunger Games movie vs. Make sure that your subjects can be discussed in a meaningful way. In other words, why bother putting these two things together? Brainstorm your topic. Take a little time to brainstorm about how your chosen subjects are similar and different.
This will help you see which points are the major ones you want to focus on, and can help guide you when you formulate your thesis. This set of overlapping circles can help you visualize where your subjects are similar and where they differ. Major points of difference are also good to note. Consider your main points.
Instead, choose a few points that seem to be particularly important. These are points of comparison ways they are similar. These are points of contrast ways they are different. These points of contrast can often be good places to start thinking about your thesis, or argument.
Do these differences make one animal a superior type of pet? Or a better pet choice for a specific living situation e. Develop your thesis. For example: Show readers why one subject is more desirable than the other. Example: "Cats are better pets than dogs because they require less maintenance, are more independent, and are more adaptable.
Example: "New York City and San Francisco are both great cities for young professionals, but they differ in terms of their job opportunities, social environment, and living conditions. Example: "While both The Catcher in the Rye and To Kill a Mockingbird explore the themes of loss of innocence and the deep bond between siblings, To Kill a Mockingbird is more concerned with racism while The Catcher in the Rye focuses on the prejudices of class.
If your teacher recommends this form, go for it. However, you should be aware that especially in college, teachers and professors tend to want students to break out of this limited mode. Part 2 of Decide on a structure. There are several ways to organize a compare-and-contrast essay. Which one you choose depends on what works best for your ideas. This organization deals with all of the points about Topic A, then all of the points of Topic B. For example, you could discuss all your points about frozen pizza in as many paragraphs as necessary , then all your points about homemade pizza.
This type of organization switches back and forth between points. For example, you could first discuss the prices of frozen pizza vs. The disadvantage is that you do switch back and forth between topics, so you need to make sure that you use transitions and signposts to lead your reader through your argument.
Compare then contrast. This organization presents all the comparisons first, then all the contrasts. Putting the contrasts last places the emphasis on them. However, it can be more difficult for your readers to immediately see why these two subjects are being contrasted if all the similarities are first. Outline your essay. Outlining your essay will help you work out the main organizational structure and will give you a template to follow as you develop your ideas.
No matter how you decided to organize your essay, you will still need to have the following types of paragraphs:  X Research source Introduction. This paragraph comes first and presents the basic information about the subjects to be compared and contrasted.
It should present your thesis and the direction of your essay i. Body Paragraphs. These are the meat of your essay, where you provide the details and evidence that support your claims.
Each different section or body paragraph should tackle a different division of proof. It should provide and analyze evidence in order to connect those proofs to your thesis and support your thesis.
Many middle-school and high-school essays may only require three body paragraphs, but use as many as is necessary to fully convey your argument. This paragraph acknowledges that other counter-arguments exist, but discusses how those arguments are flawed or do not apply.
This paragraph summarizes the evidence presented. It will restate the thesis, but usually in a way that offers more information or sophistication than the introduction could. Remember: your audience now has all the information you gave them about why your argument is solid. Take it to the next level! Outline your body paragraphs based on subject-to-subject comparison. Let's say you're working with the following statement: "When deciding between whether to go camping in the woods or spend a day at the beach, one should consider the following points: the weather, the types of activities each location offers, and the facilities at each location.
This method of organization can be unwieldy, so if you choose it, be sure not to let your paragraphs become page-long lists of points about each subject. A subject-to-subject body paragraph outline could look like this:  X Trustworthy Source University of North Carolina Writing Center UNC's on-campus and online instructional service that provides assistance to students, faculty, and others during the writing process Go to source Introduction: state your intent to discuss the differences between camping in the woods or on the beach.
Outline your body paragraphs based on point-by-point comparison. This is the more common method used in the comparison and contrast essay. For example, in this case, you could write one paragraph describing the weather in both the woods and the beach, one paragraph describing the activities in each location, and a third describing the facilities in both. Here's how the essay could look:  X Trustworthy Source Read Write Think Online collection of reading and writing resources for teachers and students.
Woods Beach Body Paragraph 2: Discuss second difference between woods and beaches: types of activities. Woods Beach Body Paragraph 3: Discuss third difference between woods and beaches: available facilities. Woods Beach Conclusion. Outline your body paragraphs based on compare then contrast. This type of organization works best for when you want to emphasize the contrasts between your subjects. First, you discuss how your subjects are similar. Organize your individual body paragraphs.
Once you've chosen an organizational method for your body paragraphs, you'll need to have an internal organization for the body paragraphs themselves. Each of your body paragraphs will need to have the three following elements: Topic sentence: This sentence introduces the main idea and subject of the paragraph.
It can also provide a transition from the ideas in the previous paragraph.