What Is Physical Impairment?
The Listing of Impairments describes, for each major body system, impairments considered severe enough to prevent an individual from doing any gainful activity (or in the case of children under age 18 applying for SSI, severe enough to cause marked and severe functional limitations). A physical disability is the long-term loss or impairment of part of a person’s body function, resulting in a limitation of physical functioning, mobility, dexterity or stamina.
A physical impairment is generally defined as any type of disorder, injury, disability, or handicap that impedes normal physical functioning. There are numerous causes of physical impairment, ranging from inherited and acquired diseases, to congenital defects, now thats what i call music 13 song list injuries.
Examples of physical impairment can include brain damage sustained after head traumaarthritis, paralysis, spina bifida, and physical deformities. Living with an impairment can be more or less difficult, depending on the nature and extent of the impairment. Some people who suffer from an impairment need assistance just to meet their own basic needs, such as cooking and bathing.
People on the other side of the spectrum may be limited in the tasks they can perform, but are generally independent and able to look after themselves. Physicians have identified several categories of physical impairment. Vision impairment, for instance, usually affects the eyes, and can lead to partial or total loss of vision. Injuries to or diseases of the spinal column can lead to spinal cord impairments, which can result in permanent whhat and other mobility problems, although mobility problems can also occur due to other types of physical impairment, such as arthritis.
Hearing impairment affects the ears and can lead to reduced or absent hearing. Brain injury or disease can lead to impairments of the brain, though ohysical are usually classified differently from cognitive impairment, which includes conditions that affect how the brain functions in absence of any disease or trauma. Disabilities can occur prior to, during, or after birth. Factors that can contribute to congenital defects include a mother's exposure to toxins during pregnancy, illness in the mother during pregnancy, or hereditary deformities and diseases.
Physical impairment can occur during birth if infants are somehow deprived of oxygen during labor, if they're injured by accident, or if they're born too soon. After the child is born, any number of mishaps or diseases could cause a permanent physical impairment.
Pnysical people who suffer from a physical impairment manage to live normal lives. An impairment is not necessarily considered a disability, but is generally defined as a situation in which some part of the body does not function normally.
A disability, on ipairment other hand, is considered to exist when the person is unable to live normally, commensurate with others of his peer group. An adult whose physical impairment stops him from bathing and feeding himself, for instance, is considered disabled. An adult whose impairment requires adaptive equipment, like crutches, or hampers certain types of movement and activities, but is nevertheless able to live independently and normally, is not typically considered disabled.
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Disability Claims Process Video Series. The Listing of Impairments describes, for each major body system, impairments considered severe enough to prevent an individual from doing any gainful activity or in the case of children under age 18 applying for SSI, severe enough to cause marked and severe functional limitations.
Most of the listed impairments are permanent or expected to result in death, or the listing includes a specific statement of duration. For all other listings, the evidence must show that the impairment has lasted or is expected to last for a continuous period of at least 12 months. The criteria in the Listing of Impairments are applicable to evaluation of claims for disability benefits under the Social Security disability insurance program or payments under the SSI program.
Part A of the Listing of Impairments contains medical criteria that apply to the evaluation of impairments in adults age 18 and over. The medical criteria in Part A may also be applied in evaluating impairments in children under age 18 if the disease processes have a similar effect on adults and younger children.
Part B of the Listing of Impairments contains additional medical criteria that apply only to the evaluation of impairments of persons under age Certain criteria in Part A do not give appropriate consideration to the particular effects of the disease processes in childhood; that is, when the disease process is generally found only in children or when the disease process differs in its effect on children and adults.
Additional criteria are included in Part B , and the impairment categories are, to the extent possible, numbered to maintain a relationship with their counterparts in Part A.
In evaluating disability for child under age 18, part B will be used first. If the medical criteria in part B do not apply, then the medical criteria in part A will be used.
The criteria in the Listing of Impairments apply only to one step of the multi-step sequential evaluation process. At that step, the presence of an impairment that meets the criteria in the Listing of Impairments or that is of equal severity is usually sufficient to establish that an individual who is not working is disabled. However, the absence of a listing-level impairment does not mean the individual is not disabled. Rather, it merely requires the adjudicator to move on to the next step of the process and apply other rules in order to resolve the issue of disability.