Oxford dictionaries change 'sexist' and outdated definitions of the word 'woman'
Woman definition is - an adult female person. How to use woman in a sentence. Woman is the general term. It is neutral, lacking either favorable or unfavorable implication, and is the most commonly used of the three: a wealthy woman; a woman of strong character, of unbridled .
A woman is an adult female human. The plural women is sometimes used for female humans regardless of age, as in phrases such as " women's rights ". Typically, a woman has two X chromosomes and is capable of pregnancy and giving birth from puberty until menopause. Female anatomy, as distinguished from male anatomy, includes the fallopian tubesovariesuterusvulvaSkene's glandsand Bartholin's glands.
The adult female pelvis is wider, the hips broader, and the breasts larger than that of adult males. Women have significantly less facial and other body hair, have a higher body fat composition, and are on average shorter and less muscular than men. Throughout human historytraditional gender roles have often defined and limited women's activities and opportunities; many religious doctrines stipulate certain rules for women.
With restrictions loosening during the 20th century in many societies, women have gained access to careers beyond the traditional homemakerand the ability to pursue higher education. Violence against womenwhether within families or in communities, has a long history and is primarily committed by men.
Some women are denied reproductive rights. The movements and ideologies of feminism have a shared goal of achieving gender equality. Trans women have a male sex assignment at birth that does not align with their gender identitywhile intersex women may have sex characteristics that do not fit typical notions of female biology. Mann had a gender-neutral meaning of "human", corresponding to Modern English "person" or "someone"; however, subsequent to the Norman Conquestman began to be used more in reference to "male human", and by the late 13th century it had begun to eclipse usage of the older term wer.
It is a popular misconception that the term "woman" is etymologically connected to "womb". Womanhood is the period in a human female's life after she has passed through childhood, puberty, and adolescence. The word woman can be used generally, to mean any female human, or specifically, to mean an adult female human as contrasted with girl. The word girl originally meant "young person of either sex" in English;  it was only around the beginning of the 16th century that it came to mean specifically a female child.
In particular, previously common terms such as office girl are no longer widely used. Conversely, in certain cultures which link family honor with female virginitythe word girl or its equivalent in other languages is still used to refer to a never-married woman; in this sense it is used in a fashion roughly analogous to the more-or-less obsolete English maid or maiden.
There are various words used to refer to the quality of being a woman. The term "womanhood" merely means the state of being a woman, having passed the menarche ; "femininity" is used to refer to a set of typical female qualities associated with a certain attitude to gender roles ; "womanliness" is like "femininity", but is usually associated with a different view of gender roles. Menarche, the onset of menstruationoccurs on average at age 12— In terms of biologythe female sex organs are involved in the reproductive system, whereas the secondary sex characteristics are involved in breastfeeding children and attracting a mate.
The uterus is an organ with tissue to protect and nurture the developing fetus and muscle to expel it when giving birth. The vagina is used in copulation and birthing, although the term vagina is often colloquially and incorrectly used in the English language for the vulva or external female genitalia  which consists of in addition to the vaginal opening the labiathe clitorisand the female urethra.
The mammary glands are hypothesized to have evolved from apocrine-like glands to produce milk, a nutritious secretion that is the most distinctive characteristic of mammals, along with live birth.
Normally cells from females contain two X chromosomes, and cells from males contain an X and a Y chromosome. Sex differentiation proceeds in females in a way that is independent of gondal hormones. Although fewer females than males are born the ratio is around Out of the total human population inthere were The life expectancy differences are partly due to inherent biological advantages, but they also reflect behavioral differences between men and women.
The gap is narrowing to some extent in some developed countries, possibly due to increased smoking among women and declining rates of cardiovascular disease among men. The World Health Organization writes that it is "important to note that the extra years of life for women are not always lived in good health. Puberty is the process of physical changes by which a child's body matures into an adult body capable of sexual reproduction to enable fertilization.
It usually takes place between the ages 10 — It is initiated by hormonal signals from the brain to the gonads - either the ovaries or the testes.
In response to what are the symptoms of thrush for a male signals, the gonads produce hormones that stimulate libido and the growth, function, and what is foundation day all about of the brain, bones, muscle, blood, skin, hair, breasts, and sexual organs.
Physical growth —height and weight—accelerates in the first half of puberty and is completed when the child has developed an adult body. The major landmark of girls' puberty is menarchethe onset of menstruation, which occurs on average between ages 12— Most girls go through menarche and are then able to become pregnant and bear children.
This generally requires internal fertilization of her eggs with the sperm of a man through sexual intercoursethough artificial insemination or the surgical implantation of an existing embryo is also possible see reproductive technology. What is the definition of woman are some diseases that primarily affect women, such as lupus.
Also, there are some sex-related illnesses that are found more frequently or exclusively in women, e. Women and men may have different symptoms of an illness and may also respond to medical treatment differently. This area of medical research is studied by gender-based medicine. The issue of women's health has been taken up by many feministsespecially where reproductive health is concerned.
Women's health is positioned within a wider body of knowledge cited by, amongst others, the World Health Organizationwhich places importance on gender as a social determinant of health. Maternal mortality or maternal death is defined by WHO as "the death of a woman while pregnant or within 42 days of termination of pregnancy, irrespective of the duration and site of the pregnancy, from any cause related to or aggravated by the pregnancy or its management but not from accidental or incidental causes.
To support the upgrading of midwifery skills the WHO established a midwife training program, Action for Safe Motherhood. More than half of them how to upload pictures from sony cybershot in sub-Saharan Africa and almost one third in South Asia.
In the US ranked 12th of the 14 developed countries that were analyzed and since that time the death rates of every country have steadily improved what is the definition of woman the US rate has spiked dramatically. While the others that were analyzed in show a death rate of fewer than 10 deaths per everylive births, the U.
Furthermore, for every one of the to women who die in the U. Reproductive rights are legal rights and freedoms relating to reproduction and reproductive health. The International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics has stated that: . Of those, about 25 million were considered as unsafe. The WHO reports that in developed regions about 30 women die for every unsafe abortions and that number rises to deaths per unsafe abortions in developing regions and deaths per unsafe abortions in sub-Saharan Africa.
The WHO ascribes these unnecessary deaths to:. In recent history, gender roles have changed greatly. At some earlier points in history, children's occupational aspirations starting at a young age differed according to gender.
For poorer women, especially working class women, although this often remained an ideal, [ specify ] economic necessity compelled them to seek employment outside the home. Many of the occupations that were available to them were what is the definition of woman in pay than those available to men. As changes in the labor market for women came about, availability of employment changed from only "dirty", long hour factory jobs to "cleaner", more respectable office jobs where more education was demanded.
Women's participation in the U. These shifts in the labor force led to changes in the attitudes of women at work, allowing for the revolution which resulted in women becoming career and education oriented.
In the s, many female academics, including scientists, avoided having children. Throughout the s, institutions tried to equalize conditions for men and women in the workplace.
Even so, the inequalities at home how to always win soccer betting women's opportunities: professional women were still generally considered responsible for domestic labor and child care, which limited the time and energy they could devote to their careers. Until the early 20th century, U.
According to Schiebinger, "Being a scientist and a wife and a mother is a burden in society that expects women more often than men to put family ahead of career. Movements advocate equality of opportunity for both sexes and equal rights irrespective of gender. Through a combination of economic changes and the efforts of the feminist movementin recent decades women in many societies have gained access to careers beyond the traditional homemaker.
Despite these advances, modern women in Western society still face challenges in the workplace as well as with the topics of education, violence, health care, politics, and motherhood, and others. Sexism can be a main concern and barrier for women almost anywhere, though its forms, perception, and gravity vary between societies and social classes.
There has been an increase in the endorsement of egalitarian gender roles in the home by both women and men. Although a greater number of women are seeking higher what does dark green poop mean, their salaries are often less than those of men.
CBS News said in that in the United States women who are ages 30 to 44 and hold a university degree make 62 percent of what similarly qualified men do, a lower rate than in all but three of the 19 what do two parallel white lines indicate for which numbers are available. It also states that " violence against women is a manifestation of historically unequal power relations between men and women ".
Violence against women remains a widespread problem, fueled, especially outside the West, by patriarchal social values, lack of adequate laws, and lack of enforcement of existing laws. Social norms that exist in many parts of the world hinder progress towards protecting women from violence.
Specific forms of violence that affect women include female genital mutilationsex traffickingforced prostitutionforced marriagerapesexual harassmenthonor what is the definition of womanacid throwingand dowry related violence.
Governments can be complicit in violence against women, for instance through practices such as stoning as punishment for adultery.
There have also been many forms of violence against women which have been prevalent historically, notably the burning of witchesthe sacrifice of widows such as sati and foot binding. The prosecution of women accused of witchcraft has a long tradition; for example, during the early modern period between the 15th and 18th centurieswitch trials were common in Europe and in the European colonies in North America. Today, there remain regions of the world such as parts of Sub-Saharan Africa, rural North India, and Papua New Guinea where belief in witchcraft is held by many people, and women accused of being witches are subjected to serious violence.
In Saudi Arabiawitchcraft remains a crime punishable by deathand in the country beheaded a woman for 'witchcraft and sorcery'.
It is also the case that certain forms of violence against women have been recognized as criminal offenses only during recent decades, and are not universally prohibited, in that many countries continue to allow them. This is especially the case with marital rape. Sexual violence against women greatly increases during times of war and armed conflictduring military occupationor ethnic conflicts ; most often in the form of war rape and sexual slavery. Contemporary examples of sexual violence during war include rape during the Armenian Genociderape during the Bangladesh Liberation Warrape in the Bosnian Warrape during the Rwandan genocideand rape during Second Congo War.
In Colombia, the armed conflict has also resulted in increased sexual violence against women. Laws and policies on violence against women vary by jurisdiction. In the European Unionsexual harassment and human trafficking are subject to directives.
Women in different parts of the world dress in different ways, with their choices of clothing being influenced by local culture, religious tenets, traditions, social norms, and fashion trends, amongst other factors. Different societies have different ideas about modesty. However, in many jurisdictions, women's choices in regard to dress are not always free, with laws limiting what they may or may not wear. This is especially the case in regard to Islamic dress. These laws are highly controversial.
The total fertility rate TFR — the average number of children born to a woman over her lifetime — differs significantly between different regions of the world.
Women definition, the plural of woman. See more. / ?w?m·?n / / ?w?m- / plural women us / ?w?m·?n / an adult female human being: Our chief of police is a woman, and our mayor is a woman, too. She is an active, elderly woman. Definition of WOMAN in the usadatingescort.com dictionary. Meaning of WOMAN. Information and translations of WOMAN in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web.
In , when its annual Agadir Open welcomed women competitors for the first time in its history, former digital visuals editor Mary Mathis was there to capture the moment.
A classic example involves claims that women are less competitive than men, and so the relatively small number of women CEOs is not a problem. They specialized in women artists, and its success grew out of her vision for a more diverse and inclusive music scene, which at the time of its founding in was dominated by men.
In , a Pakistani Christian woman got into a religious argument with some Muslim women with whom she was harvesting berries. It is the summit of human happiness: the surrender of man to God, of woman to man, of several women to the same man.
This Congress will welcome more women than ever before at 19 percent of the House and 20 percent of the Senate. Even internally in the House, women are not getting their fair shake. Isolated lesbians learned that there were other women like them via books whose covers aimed to titillate heterosexual men.
The two women had no intention of bathing; they had just strolled down to the beach for a walk and to be alone and near the water. When the women came, he was preparing to go to the west side for his daily visit with Mrs. Women generally consider consequences in love, seldom in resentment. The women at once rose and began to shake out their draperies and relax their muscles.
All Weimar adores him, and people say that women still go perfectly crazy over him. Save This Word! See synonyms for women on Thesaurus. Did you ever collect all those state quarters? Put them to good use on this quiz about curious state monikers and the facts around them. What is it? The Sunflower State. Words nearby women woman-to-woman , woman-year , womb , wombat , womb-to-tomb , women , womenfolk , Women in Love , womenkind , women's , Women's Christian Temperance Union.
Words related to women girl , wife , daughter , mother , she , matron , grandmother , girlfriend , spouse , aunt , niece , gentlewoman. Example sentences from the Web for women In , when its annual Agadir Open welcomed women competitors for the first time in its history, former digital visuals editor Mary Mathis was there to capture the moment.
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