Generalized tonic–clonic seizure
What to Do After the Seizure. Do not try to restrain the person. He or she may be confused and become agitated or fight against the restraints. Try to keep the person in a safe place. Walking around may be okay, but keep them away from a street, stairs, or other dangerous places. Don't give water. Treatment for tonic-clonic seizures can involve medication, surgery, nerve stimulation, dietary therapy or a combination of these approaches. Symptoms of a Tonic-Clonic (Grand Mal) Seizure Aura.
Find Your Local Epilepsy Foundation. Muscle "tone" is the muscle's normal tension at rest. In a tonic seizure, the tone is greatly increased: the body, arms, how to take care of cherry shrimp legs become suddenly stiff or tense.
Stiffening of a part of the body may begin in one area and stay local. These are called focal tonic seizures. The whole body or both sides of the body may become stiff or tense from the beginning. These are called generalized tonic seizures. It depends and varies between people. Some people may have just one seizure and others may have tonic seizures that occur often or in clusters of many a day.
If seizures are not controlled, seek out the help of an epilepsy specialist or visit an epilepsy center to explore treatment options. If you think that you or your loved one may be having tonic seizures, talk to your doctor as soon as possible. Getting the correct diagnosis early can help lead to better treatment. Contact Our Helpline.
The mission of the Epilepsy Foundation is to lead the fight to overcome the challenges of living with epilepsy and to accelerate therapies to stop seizures, find cures, and save lives. Skip to main content. Tonic Seizures. A person may be aware or have only a small change in awareness during a tonic seizure. They usually happen during sleep and usually involve all or most of the brain, affecting both sides of the body. They are short, usually less than 20 seconds.
A person may fall if standing when a tonic seizure starts. Where does a tonic seizure start in the brain? When it starts in one area of the brain: Stiffening of a part of the body may begin in one area and stay local. When it starts on both sides of the brain: The whole body or both sides of the body may become stiff or tense from the beginning.
Who is at risk for tonic seizures? Tonic seizures can happen in anyone. They are more common in people who have Lennox-Gastaut syndrome or other syndromes with mixed seizure types. How can I tell if someone is having one? Stiffening or other movements can be seen in other neurological problems, especially in children.
A written description or video of what happens during the seizure is very important. For example, tonic seizures start suddenly with forceful movements. Events that start more slowly may be due to another condition. What happens after a how to change desktop icon size vista seizure? When a tonic seizure ends, the person may or may not be sleepy or confused.
Typically, no first aid is needed unless a person is not fully aware during or after the seizure. Preventing injury is a key part of first aid for tonic seizures. Some people may need to wear protective equipment like a helmet to prevent head injuries from falls. If someone has tonic seizures, how often will they happen? How are tonic seizures diagnosed? Imaging tests like MRI magnetic resonance imaging scans look for lesions or areas of the brain causing tonic and other types of generalized seizures.
EEG electroencephalogram tests can help tell the difference between tonic seizures and other symptoms. How are tonic seizures treated? Seizure medicines are the main way of treating and preventing tonic seizures. If seizures are not controlled with medications, other options may be how to install battery in smoke alarm, such as dietary therapiesdevicesor even surgery.
Knowing where a seizure starts and what part of the brain is involved helps you learn what options may be possible. What should I do if I think my loved one or myself may have tonic seizures? Authored By:. Authored Date:. Reviewed By:. Monday, March 27, Our Mission The mission of the Epilepsy Foundation is to lead the fight to overcome the challenges of living with epilepsy and to accelerate therapies to stop seizures, find cures, and save lives. Search form.
3 rows · A tonic-clonic seizure is the modern term for a grand mal seizure. If someone near you has a. Mar 28, · Here is how you can help them: Keep calm Cushion or support their head Look to see if they own an epilepsy card or identification jewelry-this may provide you with information about the next Protect them from injury by removing objects within reach Lay them on their side Loosen tight clothing. Jan 10, · Do not hold the person down or try to stop his or her movements. Do not put anything in the person’s mouth. This can injure teeth or the jaw. A person having a seizure cannot swallow his or her tongue. Do not try to give mouth-to-mouth breaths (like CPR). People usually start breathing again on their own after a seizure.
A seizure can be a frightening event for the person who is experiencing it as well as the bystander. During tonic-clonic grand mal seizures, a person may convulse jerking movements , lose consciousness, have stiffened muscles or bite their tongue or cheek. A person can also lose control of their bladder or bowels. What should you do in the event that someone you know is having a tonic- clonic seizure?
Here is how you can help them:. If seizures continue for more than five minutes, call immediately. All content of this newsletter is intended for general information purposes only and is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Please consult a medical professional before adopting any of the suggestions on this page.
You must never disregard professional medical advice or delay seeking medical treatment based upon any content of this newsletter. Here is how you can help them: Keep calm Cushion or support their head Look to see if they own an epilepsy card or identification jewelry-this may provide you with information about the next steps you can take Protect them from injury by removing objects within reach Lay them on their side Loosen tight clothing, especially around the neck Time how long convulsions last Once convulsions have stopped, place them in the recovery position pictured below It is also important to know what not to do during these seizures, do not: Put anything in their mouths Restrict or restrain their movements Try to move them only do so if they are in danger Feed them or give them beverages wait until they are fully alert If seizures continue for more than five minutes, call immediately.